What is Endometriosis? - An online health& Fitness Blog to know more about health, fitness & food.

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What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition that affects the of the lining of the uterus, with thousands of women around the world suffering from it. It causes a huge amount of discomfort and affects the patient substantially. Any gynaecologist London has to offer will tell you that Endometriosis needs to be taken seriously and treated with care.

What is it?

With Endometriosis, the tissue cells that would normally grow on the inside of the womb will materialise outside of the uterus, usually appearing in the pelvic area. When these cells shed, as they would do during a normal period, they have nowhere to go and cause inflammation and pain for the sufferer. In extreme cases, this can cause cysts to form and painful scarring to occur. For some, this can lead to fertility problems.

It affects women of all ages but is most prevalent in females in their 30’s and 40’s during their reproductive years. The Royal college of obstetricians and gynaecologists estimates that this condition affects as many between 2 and 10 women out of 100 women.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms can vary from person to person which can result in a slow diagnosis process. The NHS class the following as the main symptoms:

Pelvic pain that worsens during your period

Excessive period pain that interferes with day to day life

Pain during or after sex

Pain when going to the toilet during your period

Nausea, constipation, diarrhoea, or blood in your pee during your period

Fertility problems

Other symptoms can include referred pain and heavy periods.

What causes it?

Although much research has been done, we don’t really know what causes this condition which makes it harder to treat. Endometriosis UK speculates that some causes might include genetic, environmental or immunity factors as well as Metaplasia.


It can take numerous visits to your GP, tests and referrals to get a diagnosis. The best way to get a quick and sure diagnosis is to see a qualified gynaecologist for investigation. Testing normally involves a pelvic exam where your doctor will feel around your lower abdomen for signs of Endometriosis such as cysts or inflammation. Sometimes a more in-depth look is needed in the form of a laparoscopic procedure in which small incisions are made to insert cameras to inspect your pelvic area. On occasion, doctors may decide to remove some of the troublesome tissue or cysts using this same procedure.

How is it treated?

There is sadly no definitive cure for endometriosis but there are a few treatments which can help ease the symptoms. Painkillers, hormone therapy and contraceptives can help with the pain. There’s also the option of the aforementioned surgery to remove the active tissue, scar tissue and cysts which can provide relief and can assist with things like reproductive problems. A 2017 study published in the international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology found that women with Endometriosis are at a higher risk of needing multiple operations with those without the condition so it’s important to seek the right help to make sure treatment is offered when required. It’s vital to seek out a reputable gynaecologist for advice and action to get the best care that’s catered to your experience with Endometriosis.
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