How You Could Develop Varicose Veins and How to Treat Them - An online health& Fitness Blog to know more about health, fitness & food.

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How You Could Develop Varicose Veins and How to Treat Them

Tuesday, August 6, 2019


Many adults have these noticeable protrusions on the back of their legs, especially around the calf area. These are actually veins that are visible under the skin’s surface, and they are known as varicose veins. Basically, it is a type of medical condition that pertains to the veins becoming swollen and twisted as a result of numerous factors. Apparent in most adults, they don’t just occur on the legs, but also in the other parts of the body. Varicose veins can easily get rid of through varying levels of treatment, from lifestyle changes to medical procedures such as surgery.


The anatomy of varicose veins

This condition occurs as a result of damaged or weakened valves of the veins. Basically, the blood, after carrying oxygen-rich blood throughout the body’s tissues, goes through the veins in a one-way trip towards the heart. Inside the veins are valves that open to let blood in and then close to prevent backflow. Varicose veins happen if the valves inside become damaged due to the weakening of vein walls. The walls, known to be elastic at a certain rate, may be overstretched, causing them to expand. The vein valves’ flaps then becomes deformed, which then allows the blood that is supposed to go one way to flow back and pool.

Risk factors

The likelihood of having such a condition on the leg or any other part of the body greatly increases due to numerous risk factors. The most common is lack of movement, particularly prolonged sitting or standing. Being in that position for long hours may cause the veins on the legs to pump blood towards the heart, which could then heighten the risk of forming varicose veins. Also, health factors such as pregnancy and being obese can put one at risk of suffering this condition. Due to the growing fetus on the uterus for pregnant women and the extra body fat for obese individuals, their veins are subjected to extra pressure, which could later on lead to varicose veins.

In terms of gender, it is more likely for women to suffer from this condition than men. This is due to the changes in the female hormones in the various parts of their lives, from adolescence to the time they reached the menopausal stage. Old age is also a factor, wherein the veins’ walls are subjected to wear and tear as a result of aging. Even family history can also increase the likelihood of varicose veins.

Treatment options

Typical complaints of those with varicose veins include having itchy legs, especially on the calf area and the ankle, as well as swelling and changes in the skin such as discoloration and/or scaling. When any or a combination of these symptoms occur, it is imperative for an individual with varicose veins to seek a doctor. That way, he or she may undergo test to help determine the type of treatment he or she may receive. Indeed, there are options fortreatmentoffered by most vein clinics.

If there are no underlying complications in connection with the medical condition, then he or she may be asked to undergo lifestyle changes. This is obviously the choice given for those whose work involves prolonged sitting or standing, as well as for those who are overweight or obese. Examples of lifestyle changes include long-term commitment to exercise in order to lose weight. Also, wearing clothes that are not too tight but not too loose and avoiding wearing high heels for long hours help improve blood circulation.

Medical procedures may also be an option for a person with varicose veins. You may want to consult with a vein clinic first before proceeding. For the most part, performing surgery and other non-invasive procedures are done to either remove or close the damaged veins in an effort to improve the appearance of the affected area.
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