Types of commonly used performance enhancing drugs and its features - Nasindependenceday

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Types of commonly used performance enhancing drugs and its features

Sunday, October 23, 2016

Performance enhancing drugs (PED) are of the substances that use to improve and show the energetic power in form of activities that the human individual engages in. Most commonly, such PED is used by athletes and body builders for competent performance. Performance enhancing drugs are also be used by the military personnel to improve the combat performance.


As a well known example for performance enhancing drugs, doping in sports can be mentioned where athletes use for classy physical performance. Though there are quoted risk factors, athletes attempt using performance enhancing drugs for improved performance in their activities. Different types of common performance enhancing drugs.
  1. Anabolic steroids
  2. Androstenedione
  3. Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
  4. Erythropoietin
  5. Diuretics
  6. Creatine
  7. Stimulants
Anabolic steroids are the synthetic form of testosterone, which commonly used for building bodily muscles and increased strength. There are steroid precursors, such as dehydropiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione (Andro) as effective substances that get converted into anabolic steroids. 

Androstenedione is another form yet very brawny one that allows athletes to undergo hard core training and also gives energy to recover him/her from back breaking work outs. Yet there are few risk factors such as acne, low sperm production, shrinked testicles, and loss of feminization among women.

Human Growth Hormone (HGH) would available only by prescription, and can be administered only by injections. The risk points are of: fluid retention, weakening of cardiac muscles, weakness of general muscle layers and bone & joint pains.

Erythropoietin is mainly for increasing the oxygen flow in the muscles for all the day muscle freshness and untiring energy. Though there might be side effects of strokes, and cardiac arrests, a few noted body builders still consume Erythropoietin.

Diuretics is one another common performance enhancing drugs, that provides extra ordinary power but it reduces down the body’ natural water content and salt. On a regular usage of this Diuretics remains in lowering the weight and remove the deposits from the body that to pass the drug tests even. And the side effects would be of dehydration, cardiac stroke, over exhaustion and heart arrhythmias.

Creatine is the most popular performance enhancing drugs used by sports men and women, which can also be seen in the counters for sale. It helps releasing energy through muscles but of the side effects could be of: nausea, weight gain, stomach pain, muscle cramps, wherein high dosage would lead to damage of liver and kidneys.

Stimulants is the power supplier of endurance level, reduces fatigue and increases alertness by maintaining a standard yet high heart rates and blood pressure levels. However the side effects are of: heart palpitations, cardiac attacks, convulsions and dehydration.

Bottom line


Though individuals know about the side effects, the necessity of using such performance enhancing drugs is all because for exhibiting competitive performance. Apart from above mentioned list, few are there:
  1. Somatotropin
  2. Ephedrine
  3. Cocaine
  4. Testosterone
  5. Boldenone
  6. Vicodin
  7. Oxycontin
  8. Tamoxifen
  9. Albuterol
  10. Propranolol
  11. Marijuana and
  12. Stanozolol
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